Can a less massive object never have more momentum than a more massive object?

Can a less massive object never have more momentum than a more massive object?

The momentum of an object varies directly with the speed of the object. Two objects of different mass are moving at the same speed; the more massive object will have the greatest momentum. A less massive object can never have more momentum than a more massive object.

What is elastic collision of moving objects?

An elastic collision is a collision in which there is no net loss in kinetic energy in the system as a result of the collision. Both momentum and kinetic energy are conserved quantities in elastic collisions. Suppose two similar trolleys are traveling toward each other with equal speed.

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Does mass affect elastic collision?

15.4 Elastic Collision of Two Unequal Mass Objects A smaller mass approaching a larger mass will bounce back in a collision. If a larger mass is intially moving toward a smaller mass, both will continue with momentum in the direction of the intial momentum.

What happens when a smaller object collides with a larger object?

In a collision, there is a force on both objects that causes an acceleration of both objects. The forces are equal in magnitude and opposite in direction, yet the least massive object receives the greatest acceleration.

Can a less massive object have more momentum?

The momentum of an object varies directly with the speed of the object. Two objects of different mass are moving at the same speed; the more massive object will have the greatest momentum. A less massive object can never have more momentum than a more massive object.

Is a perfectly elastic collision possible?

Perfectly elastic collisions can happen only with subatomic particles. Everyday observable examples of perfectly elastic collisions don’t exist—some kinetic energy is always lost, as it is converted into heat transfer due to friction.

What are the 3 types of collision?

  • Perfectly elastic collision.
  • Inelastic collision.
  • Perfectly inelastic collision.

What is one example of an elastic collision?

Elastic Collision Examples When a ball at a billiard table hits another ball, it is an example of elastic collision. When you throw a ball on the ground and it bounces back to your hand, there is no net change in the kinetic energy, and hence, it is an elastic collision.

What are the 2 types of collision?

  • Inelastic collisions: momentum is conserved,
  • Elastic collisions: momentum is conserved and kinetic energy is conserved.
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Is momentum always conserved?

Momentum is always conserved, regardless of collision type. Mass is conserved regardless of collision type as well, but the mass may be deformed by an inelastic collision, resulting in the two original masses being stuck together.

What is the formula for a perfectly elastic collision?

Thus, the equation for elastic collision is, u 1 = v 2 + v 1 – u 2 .

What causes an elastic collision?

Elastic collisions occur when both the momentum and kinetic energy are conserved. A close example of an elastic collision is the bouncing back of billiard balls after colliding. The collisions between molecules and atoms are also considered elastic collisions.

Which object has no momentum?

The momentum of any object that is at rest is 0. Objects at rest do not have momentum – they do not have any mass in motion. Both variables – mass and velocity – are important in comparing the momentum of two objects.

What is the difference between elastic and perfectly elastic collision?

The key difference between elastic and perfectly elastic collision is that elastic collision involves an encounter between two bodies with a negligible change in the total kinetic energy, whereas perfectly elastic collision involves no net conversion of kinetic energy into other energy forms.

What is difference between elastic and inelastic collision?

Difference between elastic and inelastic collision: In the case of an elastic collision, no energy conversion occurs, whereas, in an inelastic collision, the energy is converted into heat or sound. Pure elastic collisions never exist in the real world, whereas inelastic collisions are normal.

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Does a more massive object accelerate at a greater rate than a less massive object?

A net force on an object changes its motion – the greater the net force, the greater the acceleration. More massive objects require bigger net forces to accelerate the same amount as less massive objects.

Can a small object have more momentum than a huge truck?

A tiny bullet can have more momentum than a huge truck.

Will objects with a large mass always have a greater momentum than smaller objects?

You can see from the equation that momentum is directly proportional to the object’s mass (m) and velocity (v). Therefore, the greater an object’s mass or the greater its velocity, the greater its momentum. A large, fast-moving object has greater momentum than a smaller, slower object.

Do bigger or smaller objects have more momentum?

Momentum is directly proportional to the object’s mass and also its velocity. Thus the greater an object’s mass or the greater its velocity, the greater its momentum. The effect of a force on an object depends on how long it acts, as well as how great the force is.

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