Which most affects a baseball’s motion when it is hit by a batter?

Which most affects a baseball’s motion when it is hit by a batter?

What’s Going On. The distance a baseball travels depends on two primary factors: the angle at which the ball leaves the bat, and how fast the ball is hit. The speed of the ball depends on both the speed of the pitch and the speed of the bat.

What type of energy is transferred from the swinging bat to the ball?

The kinetic energy of the bat is transferred to the ball. The mass of the ball increases, so it gains kinetic energy. The ball gains potential energy from the bat.

At what point in its trajectory does a batted baseball have its minimum speed?

A projectile have a minimum speed at the highest point of its trajectory. This is because horizontal speed of the projectile remains constant.

What type of motion is throwing a baseball?

A Baseball throw is a lateral movement of the body with an overhead motion of the arm.

What happens when a bat hits a baseball?

The impact between bat and ball is an extremely violent one, in which the bat imparts a huge force on the ball thereby causing it to change directions and gain speed. Consider a baseball weighing 5.125oz (mass = 0.145kg) which approaches the bat at a speed of 90mph (40.2m/s).

How is motion used in baseball?

Hitting, for example, demonstrates the relationship between kinetic and potential energy. Kinetic energy is the energy of motion. Both the swinging bat and the pitched ball possess kinetic energy, which is generated by the players who swing the bat and throw the ball.

What type of energy is a bat hitting a baseball?

During the collision of a bat and ball, energy is transformed from primarily kinetic to a multitude of forms. The pitcher conveys both linear and rotational kinetic energy on the ball.

What is the max speed a baseball can be thrown?

Power pitchers, such as former American major leaguers Nolan Ryan and Roger Clemens, rely on speed to prevent the ball from being hit and throw fastballs at speeds of 95–105 miles per hour (153–169 km/h) (officially) and up to 108.1 miles per hour (174.0 km/h) (unofficially).

What does not work horizontally to increase or decrease velocity?

Gravity does not work horizontally to increase or decrease the velocity.

What will be the effect on horizontal range of a projectile?

Since R α v 0 2 , doubling the initial speed will increase the range by a factor of 2 2 = 4 times. Was this answer helpful?

What forces affect the motion of a baseball?

There are three forces that act on a baseball in flight. The forces are the weight, drag, and lift. Lift and drag are actually two components of a single aerodynamic force acting on the ball. Drag acts in a direction opposite to the motion, and lift acts perpendicular to the motion.

What is the effect of force when a ball is hit with a bat?

The impact between bat and ball is an extremely violent one, in which the bat imparts a huge force on the ball thereby causing it to change directions and gain speed. Consider a baseball weighing 5.125oz (mass = 0.145kg) which approaches the bat at a speed of 90mph (40.2m/s).

What happens to the baseball bat when it hits a ball?

During the collision the barrel of the bat compresses and expands, appearing to throw the ball away. This phenomenon is unique to hollow (metal and composite) bats and gives rise to what is called the trampoline effect.

Where does most of your power come from when hitting a baseball?

THE LEGS POWER THE HANDS IN A STRAIGHT LINE The hands take the energy and momentum created by the legs to accelerate the bat to the ball. The path of the hands in the swing, to and through contact, is a straight line (more or less). The bottom hand ‘pulls’ the bat ‘half way’ towards contact point.