Why does a spinning ice skater’s angular velocity increases as she brings her arms in toward her body?

Why does a spinning ice skater’s angular velocity increases as she brings her arms in toward her body?

When she moves her arms close to her body, she spins faster. Her moment of inertia decreases, so her angular velocity must increase to keep the angular momentum constant.

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Why is it harder for an ice skater to spin with his arms stuck out as opposed to tucked in?

Moment of inertia depends on both the mass of an object and on how that mass is distributed. The farther from the axis of rotation the mass is located, the larger the moment of inertia. So your moment of inertia is smaller when your arms are held at your sides and larger when your arms are extended straight out.

What can we say about the skater’s initial and final rotational kinetic energies?

Second, the final kinetic energy is much greater than the initial kinetic energy. The increase in rotational kinetic energy comes from work done by the skater in pulling in her arms. This work is internal work that depletes some of the skater’s food energy.

What happens when a spinning ice skater draws?

The “scratch spin” is a classic figure skating maneuver in which the skater draws her arms and leg in, which causes her angular speed to increase. This is the result of conservation of angular momentum.

What happens to the ice skaters angular speed when she extends her arms?

Spinning While Skating Since the angular momentum remains constant, what changes is the angular velocity of the spin. For example, when the skater extends her arms outwards, increasing twofold the moment of inertia, the velocity of her spin also decreases twofold.

Why does the ice skater twirls faster and faster as she retracts her arms closer to her body?

When the hands and legs are brought close to the rotational axis, the rotational inertia decreases thereby increasing the skaters angular velocity as per the conservation of angular momentum. Increase in angular velocity implies increase in the kinetic energy.

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What will happen if an ice skater spinning on one of her toes extends her arms?

But a skater can change one thing: the moment of inertia. Moment of inertia determines how easy it is for an object to speed up or slow down, and describes the resistance that a force is working against. A larger moment of inertia—like when a skater extends their arms—will result in a slower rotational speed.

Why is it difficult to stand still in an ice skating?

prescens of very low friction;low friction makes it harder for skates to make grip over the ice and hence we may fall…

Why do ice skaters tuck their arms?

Part

Why a dancer spins faster when her arms are folded due to?

This is due to. constant angular momentum and increase in KE.

What is the relationship between the skater’s starting point and their kinetic energy?

The higher the skater is the more potential energy he has. As his height decreases, his potential energy decreases and his kinetic energy increases.

What is a real life example of rotational kinetic energy?

For example, a ball that is dropped only has translational kinetic energy. However, a ball that rolls down a ramp rotates as it travels downward. The ball has rotational kinetic energy from the rotation about its axis and translational kinetic energy from its translational motion.

What causes an increase in angular velocity during a spin?

The angular velocity increases because the moment of inertia is decreasing.

What happens a spinning ice skater draws in her outstretched arm?

As the ice skater draws her arms in, the moment of inertia with respect to the axis decreases. Therefore in order to conserve the angular momentum the angular velocity has to increase.

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Why an ice skater stretches out arms and legs during performance?

During the course of their performance, an ice skater, a ballet dance or an acrobat take angular of the principle of conservation of angular momentum (i.e Iω= constant), by stretching out arms and legs or vice-versa. On doing so, their moment of inertia increases/decreases.

How does an ice skater very her angular speed by out stretching her arms and legs?

When the performer stretches out his hands and legs, his moment of inertia increases and the angular speed decreases. On the other hand, when he folds his hands and the legs near his body, the moment of inertia decreases and he is able to increase the angular speed.

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